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Logical Fallacies

Tuesday, August 2nd, 2016
Posted in Uncategorized by Joel Gross

Understanding common human logical fallacies helps you to avoid falling into them:

  • Anecdotal evidence – using a personal experience or a single example to try to make a larger point.
  • Correllation does not mean causation
  • Straw man – refuting an argument an opponent is not making
  • Plausible – thinking that since something is possible / plausible makes it true
  • Appeal to emotion – manipulating emotions in place of a valid argument
  • Ad Hominem – attacking your opponent instead of their argument
  • Slipper slope – Saying that if you allow X, Z will eventually happen therefore X should not happen.
  • Black or white – artificially pretending there are only two alternatives
  • Bandwagon – using popularity to claim validation (aka trump)

 

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